If you have heard the name of Ethical Hacking, then you must have definitely encountered this Kali Linux. But there will be many such people in you who will be very interested to know what is Kali Linux and what are its benefits. If you are also one of them, then today’s article is going to be very informative for you.
Kali Linux is now a leading Linux distribution of an industry when it comes to penetration testing and ethical hacking. This is a distribution in which by default (already) many hacking and penetration tools and software are pre-loaded. At the same time, this linux version is used by many people all over the world.
These also include Windows users who do not know anything about Linux. Therefore, whether they know something or not, everyone is very interested in using it. There are many reasons for this, such as some do it just for fun, some to impress their girl friend, while some also do it to hack their neighbor’s wifi.
Believe me, doing this is not right at all because Kali Linux is not made for this task. Therefore, in this article today, we will understand deeply what is Kali Linux and all the things related to it. So that it will be easy for you to understand it properly. So without delay let’s start.
What is Kali Linux ?
Kali Linux is a Linux distribution that is specialized for tasks like cybersecurity. It is an open-source product with a lot of customization done for penetration testing, so that it helps many companies to identify their vulnerabilities.
By the way, a Linux distribution often has a bundle that contains the Linux kernel, along with a set of core utilities and applications, as well as some default settings. That’s why there is nothing more unique in Kali Linux, because whatever tools are there in it, they can also be installed in any other Linux distribution.
The biggest difference in this is that in Kali Linux all the tools are pre-packaged and their default settings are also selected according to their usage which fits a typical desktop user.
Kali Linux is based on a Debian Linux distribution, and simultaneously it runs on a wide spectrum of devices. Since it is open-source, it is free to use and also legal, in many wide range enterprise scenarios.
At the same time, many experts recommend that Kali Linux should be used only by Linux experts and not beginners.
Who developed Kali Linux?
Kali Linux has been developed by a security firm Offensive Security in the year 13th March 2013. It has been rewritten in Debian, on top of their previous Knoppix-based digital forensics and penetration testing distribution Backtrack.
What is the Official Statement of Kali Linux?
The Official Statement of Kali Linux is “Penetration Testing and Ethical Hacking Linux Distribution”. Simply put, it is a Linux distribution package in which security-related tools are already pre-loaded. These are fully targeted for network and computer security experts only.
When and why was Kali Linux introduced?
As we already know that the utilization of dynamic Linux platform and together with Linux system went on increasing gradually. And as the utilization of Linux system increased, the need for a secure environment also increased for Linux Experts. To reduce this secure Linux browsing, Kali Linux was introduced on 13th March 2013.
Kali Linux is a Debian-based Linux distribution whose main job is to provide advanced Penetration Testing and Security Auditing services to the users. This Kali is such a tool for Linux users that provides many tricks to the security department.
There are many such tools packed in Kali Linux that help you in doing many security tasks such as Penetration Testing, Security research, Computer Forensics and Reverse Engineering etc.
This fully awesome security package Kali Linux has been developed, funded and maintained by Offensive Security, which is a leading information security training company and has made ever big achievements in the field of digital security system.
In fact, Kali Linux is completely an overall makeover of BackTrack Linux, but in this Linux, all the limitations of BackTrack Linux have been removed and new and better security tools have been included in its place.
Features of Linux Operating System:
Kali Linux has become a very good and popular OS in recent times due to its very best and strong benefits. So let’s know some more things about Kali Linux.
1. A new user who is completely new to Linux, he will not know that root is the only user after installation. On the other hand, there is a need for super user access in pentesting tools.
2. Kali Linux is not a good choice for daily computing (such as Office Work, Internet Surfing, Video Editing etc.). Here you cannot even share your PC with others.
3. Most of the features of Kali Linux are hidden in the command line and not in the menu. That’s why you do not get any specific office applications or tools (except calculator and quick note) here. All the tools that are available here are all security oriented.
4. Kali is completely Debian based, but there are no specific tools in it. You can install as many tools as you want using commands (eg apt-get update, apt-get install).
5. Working according to Root is not good in many times. Since there is no restiction in it, so you do many things even if you do not want to, which gives you trouble later. Such as manipulating files type, changing settings, etc.
How to Download Kali Linux?
If you also want to install Kali Linux in your system, then you also have to first download its ISO file from its official website.
Here its official link is given https://www.kali.org/downloads
If your PC is a 64 bit Intel CPU, then amd64 is a right download for you. Once you have downloaded, then you can check it with SHA-256 fingerprint and also compare it with the downloaded file.
Once you have checked the ISO with checksum, then you can confirm by checking the integrity of that ISO.
Why Kali Linux is not suitable for beginners?
If you are someone who is just using Linux, or you do not consider yourself to be very expert and take the help of internet again and again to understand things then you are definitely a beginner of Linux. in the world. Then consider that Kali Linux is not suitable for you.
Kali Linux is mainly designed for professionals who run penetration testing and people who have learned ethical hacking and are working in digital forensics. But even then you may have to face many such difficulties when you are using Kali Linux in day-to-day usage.
Despite being an expert, you should use these tools and software very carefully. This is not a software that you just install and things start working. Each tool has to be used carefully, as well as each software has to be carefully examined before installing.
So if you are a beginner or an average Linux user, then you have to first read Linux and all its daemons, services, software, distributions as well as understand how they work, for this you can find many free videos. You can also see more courses which provide you information about ethical hacking as well as how to apply Kali.
Modified Kernel and Software of Kali Linux:
Kali Linux is based on Debian, so it uses the same software architecture of Dabian, and that is why you will also find many such software in Kali Linux which looks exactly like Dabian.
At the same time, some packages are modified so that the security can be hardened as well as some possible vulnerabilities can be fixed. The Linux kernel that uses Kali is already patched so that it allows you to do wireless injection into different devices.
These types of patches are often not available in vanilla kernel. Whereas Kali Linux does not depend in Debian servers and mirrors, but at the same time it builds packages in its own servers.
Here you will get information about default software sources, about the latest release:
deb http://http.kali.org/kali kali-rolling main contrib non-free
deb-src http://http.kali.org/kali kali-rolling main contrib non-free
For this reason, in some specific software, you may get to see a different behavior when you use the same program in Kali Linux or any other OS.
Therefore, in the Kali Linux official documentation, it is specifically informed that do not install any 3rd-party software repositories, because Kali Linux always rolls out its new release only on the basis of Debian Testing, and in this case if you have any Installing a new repository, then it can also break your system.
What are the Advantages of Kali Linux?
Let’s know about the advantages of Kali Linux.
1. It Has Many Advanced Penetration Testing Tools
In Kali Linux, you have already pre-loaded 600+ super amazing advanced Penetration’ Testing tools. In this, the tools of BackTrack Linux which were not that popular have been replaced with new advanced penetration testing tools in Kali Linux.
2. This is a completely free Linux tool
Kali Linux system is completely free, it provides free lifetime services to its users. With this, users can freely use it with new updates.
3. Open sourced Git tree is
This Kali Linux is completely open sourced system which can be accessed by the users. Anyone can easily see all its codes, together with its open development tree, the development of coding can be easily seen in each step.
4. Having FHS support
Kali uses the File-system Hierarchy Standard, so that Linux users can easily locate binaries, support files, libraries, etc. This is an important feature of Kali Linux which differentiates it from other Linux systems.
5. Having Cool Wireless support
Kali Linux has this special feature so that it can be connected with any wireless support systems or USB ports in which you can connect it at a time.
Kali Linux allows it to be run in a wide variety of hardware so that it becomes even more compatible to work in many other USB and wireless devices.
6. Kali supports many languages
Like all the ‘penetration’ tools of Kali Linux are in English language, but apart from this it allows users to work in other languages.
7. Having ARMEL and ARMHF support
You probably know that ARM-based single-board systems such as the Raspberry Pi and BeagleBone Black are becoming more prevalent and inexpensive than the rest, and as a substitute, Kali’s ARM support should be equally robust. According to the management tool, which has all the fully working installations for both ARMEL and ARMHF systems.
Should you use Kali Linux ?
There will be very few people who use Kali Linux as a primary system. Even if you want to do this, even then you should save all your personal files, passwords, data and everything in a separate system. At the same time, you will also have to install many daily-use software to make your life easier.
As I have told earlier, using Kali Linux is very risky and it should be done very carefully, while if you ever get hacked then you will have to lose all your data, or you will be in a wider audience. There can also be exposure in front.
You can also be tracked using your personal information if you are doing any non-legal work. Also, you yourself can destroy all your data because it has root access only. Therefore, care should be taken while using these tools.
Some professional white hackers are also forbidden from using it as a primary system, while you can use it with the help of a USB to do any of your penetration testing work. Due to this, the chances of your data loss end as if it were.
If you really want to use Kali Linux then you should not take it lightly. Rather you have to learn it first, for which you can use Courses and Videos. One should also learn the art of staying away from the troubles that come along with it.
Is Kali Linux illegal?
Kali Linux OS is not illegal. It depends on you how you are using Kali Linux. Most people use it to learn hacking, practicing penetration testing etc. If you use this Kali Linux in a legal way, then you can do a lot with it.
Where is Kali Linux used?
Kali Linux is mainly used in Advanced Penetration Testing and Security Auditing. In Kali, you will find many such tools already installed which help you a lot in doing information security tasks, such as Penetration Testing, Security Research, Computer Forensics and Reverse Engineering.
Do hackers use Kali Linux?
Yes, many hackers use Kali Linux. Since there are many types of security tools in it, hackers have convenience in using them. It has about 600 tools to do penetration testing and security analytics. At the same time it is completely free since it is an open-source model and its code is also available on Git for tinkering with.
Do black hat hackers use Kali?
Yes, most black hat hackers use Kali. They have to clear their tracks, so Kali helps them a lot.
What does Kali mean in Kali Linux?
The word Kali in Kali Linux has been taken from Hinduism. Kali Maa means black, time, death, Shiva etc. Along with the word Kali also understands time and death. That’s why this OS has been named Kali Linux, which has been used to destroy things.
Who invented Kali Linux?
Kali Linux was invented or developed by Mati Aharoni and Devon Kearns. They were actually developing a tool so that they could improve the prior information security testing Linux distribution. Whereas Kali Linux is built on Knoppix.
Is Kali Linux easy to learn?
Yes not at all. Since you have to be a little advanced level Linux user to run Kali Linux. It is not beginner friendly at all. You can learn it from many tutorials if you want.